Deborah Dupre, journalist, published our  “Wyden Letter” in her article in ‘Before its news’:

Case Citing Nuremberg Code


*9 The appellants must allege the violation of a norm of customary international law to which States universally subscribe.

The evolution of the prohibition into a norm of customary international law began with the war crimes trials at Nuremberg. The United States, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and France “acting in the interest of all the United Nations,” established the International Military Tribunal (“IMT”) through entry into the London Agreement of August 8, 1945. M. Cheriff Bassiouni et al.,

1597, 1640 & n. 220 (1981) (internal quotation marks omitted). Annexed to the London Agreement was the London Charter, which served as the IMT’s Constitution.

U.N.T.S. 279. According to the Charter, the IMT had the “power to try and punish persons who, acting in the interests of the European Axis countries, whether as individuals or as members of organisations, committed,” among other offenses, war crimes and crimes against humanity.

United States Court of Appeals, 2nd Circuit

Rabi Abdullahi, et al. v. Pfizer, Docket Nos. 005 4863 cv (L), 05 6768-cv (CON) –

Argued: July 12, 2007

Decided: Jan. 30, 2009

Reversed and Remanded